As soon as you were created your destiny is already set for you. No choice in what you want to do; you are a slave to the world. In Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go clones are created to serve the human society. Miss Lucy says, “Your lives are set for you. You’ll become adults…before you’re even middle aged, you’ll start donating your vital organs” (Ishiguro 81). The clones are destined to be donors for the rest of their living lives. The question is do clones have souls? Many people have their view on the soul. They say that they don’t have souls or that they are born with it.
Others say that our soul grows with them. Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go parallels Plato’s Allegory of the Cave from an Aristotlean perspective where the soul’s essence precedes existence. In Plato’s “Allegory and the Cave” men have been staring at a wall for their entire lives. These men are like the student’s from Hailsham. The students are like the cavemen because they were told one thing there whole life and only wanted to believe that. Their life is set for them as soon as they were born. They are an experiment.
The clones didn’t demand to be free, they were accustomed to hearing they were donors and wanted nothing else. Just like the men in the cave they lived there, their whole lives; believed what was told to them and when they finally saw the outer world they didn’t believe it. The mind is more real than the body. This here is platonic idealism; the intellectual world is more real than the visible world. Platonic idealism is put into the novel Never Let Me Go. The founders of Hailsham were trying to find out if the students had a mind of their own.
If they had a soul like normal humans or were they just heartless clones that knew nothing? Jean Paul Sartre believed in existence proceeds essence. What this means is what you do is all up to your freewill. Your destiny is created by what you do in life. Miss Emily says, “That it might look as though you were simply pawns in a game” (Ishiguro 266). The truth was that the student’s were really pawns. They were created to be a game and to help humans win. In Jean Paul’s view these students would have not had souls. In reality the students should not have souls, but they did.
They believed in love; the biggest part of the soul. Madame says, “Poor creatures. I wish I could help you. But now you’re by yourselves” (Ishiguro 272). The clones had no choice in what they did. They were meant to help humans. It wasn’t freewill it was their destiny. Aristotle believed in “Essence proceeds existence”. He would have believed that it was the student’s destiny to have a soul. They were created by imperfect humans; could it be that the clones were imperfect too? The clones had the same feelings as real humans, but they didn’t fight for their rights.
It was not that they were scared, but they just didn’t want to go and change their destiny. They knew from the beginning that they were created to take care of humans. They didn’t know anything better. Aristotle’s thesis was that everyone had a soul. They created their own destiny, but the clones had a soul but their destiny was chosen for them. Tommy says, “I don’t know why, but I’ve had this feeling for some time now, that it’s all linked in, though I can’t figure it out” (Ishiguro 31). Tommy had a feeling that he knew what was going on.
He knew that they were never going to be completely free. Rene Descartes believed “I think therefore I am”. This saying means if you think that you are something then you are. The clones believed they were donors and therefore they were. They never thought that they could be anything else. Kathy said, “So that’s why they took our art…” (Ishiguro 175). Kathy didn’t realize that the reason their art was taken away was because they wanted to prove that clones had souls. The clones during the whole story think they have souls until Madame tells them the whole truth.
Madame and Miss Emily tried to fight for the clones rights and to prove to the human society that they had souls. They fought as hard as they could, but the humans were scared of the clones and didn’t want them to be free. Descartes had a point in what he believed in. The clones thought they had souls so therefore they were soulful. Faith vs. Freewill plays a big part in this story. It was the student’s faith to become clones or was it there freewill? The student’s were created in a tray meant to serve human society. They had no freewill; it was their destiny to be donors for the rest of their lives.
When the students grew up they could have gotten freewill; they could have fought for their rights, but they didn’t. The clones didn’t fight for their rights because they were just like the men in Plato’s story; they were told one thing their whole lives and change was not part of the plan. The students did try to become free by getting a “deferral”, Kathy and Tommy were in love and that proved that they had a soul. Kazuo Ishiguro uses an Aristotelian perspective in Never Let Me Go; including ideas from Plato’s Allegory of the Cave and other philosophers. The philosophers had point in their theories and they are all correct.
The students had souls, but they never learned how to use it in the right way. They believed in love which clones shouldn’t have. They weren’t dual normal clones; they were creative clones that believed one day they could be something in life. Their dreams were crushed in a second. Kathy said, “The fantasy never got beyond that- I didn’t let it-and though the tears rolled down my face, I wasn’t sobbing or out of control” (Ishiguro 288). Kathy truly loved Tommy and she would have loved to be free with him. They believed they had souls and that’s all they needed.